(B)SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
1. COVERING LETTER
3. AUTHOR'S CONTRIBUTIONS
5. COPYRIGHT TRANSFER
(C)PROOFS AND REPRINTS
Undertaking by Author(s)
Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR) is a biomedical journal with international
circulation. It publishes original communications of biomedical research that advances
or illuminates medical science or that educates the journal readers. It
is issued monthly, in two volumes per year.
Manuscripts dealing with clinical aspects will be
considered for publication, provided they contain results of original investigations.
Articles need to be of general interest – e.g., they cross the boundaries
of specialities or are of sufficient novelty and importance that the journal’s readers,
whatever their speciality, should be made aware of the findings. Research papers
reporting original research, review articles, correspondence on published articles
will also be considered. Papers of routine nature which are merely records of interesting
cases as also those dealing with modifications of routine methodology will not be
encouraged. Further, serialization of articles by the same author(s) into various
parts (1,2,3 etc.) is strongly discouraged. In such cases the authors are
advised to submit independent papers with self-sufficient titles and text.
The IJMR strongly discourages duplication/reduplication
of data already published in other journals (even when certain cosmetic changes/additions
are made). If and when duplication is detected after publishing in IJMR, the journal
will be forced to ‘retract’ such articles. Articles based on work carried out in
private nursing homes and other non-recognized hospitals/research institutes will
All papers submitted to IJMR are subject to peer
review process. All accepted papers will be suitably edited before publication.
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
All manuscripts submitted for
publication to the IJMR should include the following:
1. COVERING LETTER
A covering letter which could
explain why the paper should be published in the IJMR, rather than a specialist
journal. One of the authors could be identified as the corresponding author of the
paper, who would be responsible for the contents of the paper as also answer.
can be submitted by e-mail and also in a CD in MS Word (in addition to the
hard copies). Typescripts in triplicate should be sent to the Editor, The Indian
Journal of Medical Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, V. Ramalingaswami
Bhawan, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029 (India).
Authors are advised to see a recent issue of the
journal to get familiar with the format adopted on various elements of a paper.
Manuscripts should be presented in as
concise a form as possible, typewritten in double space on one side of a good quality
bond paper (21.0 x 29.7 cms ). Pages should be numbered consecutively and the contents
arranged in the following order:- Title; Name(s) of the author(s); Department(s)
and Institution(s); Abstract; Key words; Introduction; Material & Methods; Results;
Discussion; Acknowledgement; and References. Abstract, Tables and legends
for Figures should be typed on separate sheets and not in continuation of the main
In manuscripts submitted by e-mail the text should be typed in MS-Word and Figures/Photographs
in JPEG or GIF format.
Title of the article should be short, continuous
(broken or hyphenated titles are not acceptable) and yet sufficiently descriptive
and informative so as to be useful in indexing and information retrieval. A short
running title not exceeding 6-7 words may also be provided.
All manuscripts should have a structured
abstract (of about 250 words) with subheadings of background & objectives,
methods, results ,interpretation and conclusions.
Abstract should be brief and indicate the scope and significant results of the paper.
It should only highlight the principal findings and conclusions so that it can be
used by abstracting services without modification. Conclusions and recommendations
not found in the text of the articles should not be inserted in the Abstract.
A set of suitable key words arranged alphabetically may be provided.
Introduction should be brief and state precisely
the scope of the paper. Review of the literature should be restricted to reasons
for undertaking the present study and provide only the most essential background.
The nomenclature, the source of material and equipment
used, with the manufacturers details in parenthesis, should be clearly mentioned.
The procedures adopted should be explicitly stated to enable other workers to reproduce
the results, if necessary. New methods may be described in sufficient detail and
indicating their limitations. Established methods can be just mentioned with authentic
references and significant deviations, if any given, with reasons for adopting them.
While reporting experiments on human subjects and animals, it should be clearly
mentioned that procedures followed are in acordance with the ethical standards laid
down by the national bodies or organizations of the particular country. For example,
for research carried out in
on human subjects, the ICMR’s
Ethical guidelines for biomedical research on human subjects (2000)
should be adhered to. Similarly, for experiments on laboratory animals the
guidelines of the Committee for the Purpose of Control and Supervision of Experiments
on Animals (CPCSEA) should be followed. Adequate information should be provided
on the care and use of laboratory animals, source of animals, strain, age, sex,
housing and nutrition etc. Whenever needed, appropriate certification should be
provided at the time of submission of the manuscripts. The drugs and chemicals used
should be precisely identified, including generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s)
The statistical analysis done and statistical
significance of the findings when appropriate, should be mentioned. Unless absolutely
necessary for a clear understanding of the article, detailed description of statistical
treatment may be avoided. Articles based heavily on statistical considerations,
however, need to give details particularly when new or uncommon methods are employed.
Standard and routine statistical methods employed need to give only authentic references.
Only such data as are essential for understanding
the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included.
The data should be arranged in unified and coherent sequence so that the report
develops clearly and logically. Data presented in tables and figures should not
be repeated in the text. Only important observations need to be emphasized or summarised.
The same data should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms. Interpretation
of the data should be taken up only under the Discussion and not under Results.
The discussion should deal with the interpretation
of results without repeating information already presented under Results. It should
relate new findings to the known ones and include logical deductions. It should
also mention any weaknesses of the study.
The conclusions can be linked with the goals
of the study but unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported
by the data should be avoided. Claiming of priority on work that is ongoing should
also be avoided. All hypotheses should, if warranted, clearly be identified as such;
recommendations may be included as part of the Discussion, only when considered
absolutely necessary and relevant.
Acknowledgment should be brief and made for
specific scientific/technical assistance and financial support only and not
for providing routine departmental facilities and encouragement or for help in the
preparation of the manuscripts (including typing or secretarial assistance).
The total number of References should normally
be restricted to a maximum of 30.
References to literature cited should be numbered
consecutively and placed at the end of the manuscript. In the text they should be
indicated above the line (superior). As far as possible mentioning names of author(s)
under references should be avoided in text.
Articles in Journals:
The titles of the journals should be abbreviated
according to the style used by the Index Medicus. The list of journals indexed,
published annually, in the January issue of the Index Medicus may be consulted.
List the first six
authors followed by et al.
, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients.
N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
More than six authors:
, Melick J, Marion DW,
Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid
concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
2. Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group.
Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance.
3. Both personal authors and an organization
Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van
Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering
from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
4. No author given
21st century heart solution may have a sting
in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
5. Article not in English
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst
blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7.
6. Volume with supplement
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability
and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine
and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.
7. Issue with supplement
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data
into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.
8. Volume with part
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method
from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
9. Issue with part
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ,
Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc
Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.
10. Issue with no
Banit DM, Kaufer H,
frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
11. No volume or issue
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals
into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.
12. Pagination in roman numerals
The politics of
ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.
13. Type of article indicated as needed
Tor M, Turker H. International approaches
to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.
Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom
KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract].
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.
14. Article containing retraction
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and
tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin
Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin
15. Article retracted
Feifel D, Moutier
CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen
for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D,
Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.
16. Article republished with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive
importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected
and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.
17. Article with published erratum
Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone
in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68;
discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther 2001;23(2):309.
18. Article published electronically
ahead of the print version
Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization
of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002
Books and Other Monographs
19. Personal author(s)
, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller
MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed.
: Mosby; 2002.
20. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten
JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed.
: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
21. Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent
pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor.
(NY): March of Dimes Education
22. Organization(s) as author
University of Adelaide
Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practice development,
23. Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome
alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic
basis of human cancer.
: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
24. Conference proceedings
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors.
Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep
: Springer; 2002.
25. Conference paper
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of
Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton
E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings
of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5;
: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
26. Scientific or technical report
Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:
Yen GG (Oklahoma
of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
). Health monitoring on vibration
signatures. Final report.
(VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research
(US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract
Issued by performing agency:
Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk
WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley
National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division;
2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the
Department of Energy.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding:
a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation].
Central Michigan University
Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D
Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning
tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.
Other Published Material
29. Newspaper article
Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide
rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The
Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect. A:2
30. Audiovisual material
Sallustio S. Hospital
for bioterrorism [videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical
31. Legal Material
Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9, 115 Stat. 11
(May 24, 2001).
Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).
Code of Federal Regulations:
Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. Sect. 870.4430 (2002).
Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits and Cost: Hearing
Before the Subcomm. on Environment, Technology and Standards of the House Comm.
on Science, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (Oct. 4, 2001).
Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers.
Biodiversity hotspots [map].
: Conservation International; 2000.
33. Dictionary and similar references
Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary.
: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675.
34. In press
(Note: NLM prefers "forthcoming" because
not all items will be printed.)
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman
M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In
, Poulsen KB.
atlas of hematology [CD-ROM].
: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
36. Journal article
on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative
in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet].
2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:
37. Monograph on the Internet
Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving
palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet].
: National Academy
Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:
38. Homepage/Web site
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet].
: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May
16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:
39. Part of a homepage/Web site
American Medical Association
[homepage on the Internet].
: The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited
2002 Aug 12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available
40. Database on the Internet
Who's Certified [database on the Internet].
(IL): The American Board of
Medical Specialists. c2000 - [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from:
Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congential Anomaly/Mental Retardation (MCA/MR) Syndromes
[database on the Internet].
(MD): National Library of Medicine (US). c1999
[updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from:
41. Part of a database on the Internet
MeSH Browser [database
on the Internet].
(MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 - [cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis;
unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html Files updated weekly.
MeSH Browser [database
on the Internet].
(MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 - [cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis;
unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html Files updated
Tables should be typed separately and numbered
consecutively with Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc). They should bear brief
title and column headings should also be short. Units of measurement should be abbreviated
and placed below the headings. Statistical measurement variations such as SD and
SE should be identified. Inclusion of structural formule in Tables should be avoided.
Also, Tables should not be submitted as photographs.
Three sets of illustrations (one set original
and two copies) should be submitted, either as hard copies or electronically as
TIFF file, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.
Line drawings should be made on good quality
tracing paper of Bristol board. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear in
the figures and of sufficient size, so that when reduced, they could be accommodated
in single column (8.5 cm) or double column (17.0 x 21.0 cm) without loss in clarity.
Titles and explanation of symbols in the legends for illustrations, should be typed
on separate pages.
Photographs, to be submitted in duplicate,
should be unmounted and numbered consecutively. The title of the paper and authors
name(s) and `Top' indicated with an arrow should be pencilled on the back
of the photographs. The pictures should be good quality prints on glossy paper showing
sufficient total contrast. Their sizes should conform to single (8.5 x 21.0 cm)
or double (17.0 x 21.0 cm) column sizes. All the illustrations must be protected
by thick card board packing against damages during transit.
Photomicrographs should have internal scale
markers regarding details of magnification to facilitate reduction in size in final
print. Symbols, arrows and letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast
with the background. Otherwise, the same may be indicated on the copies only which
will be transferred onto the originals by the Editorial Office at the time of publication.
All published material should be acknowledged
and copyright material should be submitted along with the written permission of
the copyright holder.
Colour illustrations are also acceptable.
For enzymes, only the trivial names recommended
by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. At its first citation in the text of
the paper its code number and systematic name should be indicated.
Only standard abbreviations are to be used. Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. sixth edition(1994), prepared by the
Council of Biology Editors
Style Manual Committee may be consulted for additional standard abbreviations.
The abbreviations should conform to the International System of Units (SI), The SI
for the Health Professions (World Health Organization,
) 1977. The
title of the article should not contain abbreviations. The full term for which the
abbreviation stands should be given after its first use in the text unless it is
a standard units of measurement. The abbreviations should be used in the text, tables and illustrations
without a full stop.
counts per minute
milli molar (m mole/litre)
mole (quantity of substance)
anti meridiem (before noon)
post meridiem (after noon)
(volume per volume)
weight per volume
(weight per weight)
* Should not be used as
an abbreviation for mole
3. AUTHORS’ CONTRIBUTIONS
authors are encouraged to specify their individual contributions at the bottom of
the title page or on a separate page. The IJMR will not publish an item unless it
has the signatures of all the authors. Participation solely in the acquisition of
funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision
of the research group is also not sufficient for authorship. Any part of an article
critical to its main conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author.
4. UNDERTAKING BY AUTHOR(S)
is necessary that all the authors give an undertaking
(in the format specified by the journal) indicating their consent to be co-authors
in the sequence indicated on the title page. Each author should give his or her
names as well as the address and appointment current at the time the work was done,
plus a current address for correspondence including telephone and fax numbers and
email address. A senior author may sign the Undertaking by Authors for a junior
author who has left the institution and whose whereabouts are not known and take
A paper with corporate (collective) authorship must
specify the key persons responsible for the article; others contributing to the
work should be recognized separately.
5. COPYRIGHT TRANSFER AGREEMENT
Author(s) will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright
agreement, which recognizes the common interest that both journal and author(s)
have in the protection of copyright. It will also allow us to tackle copyright infringements
ourselves without having to go back to authors each time.
PROOFS AND REPRINTS
of accepted articles are supplied 2 sets of printer’s proofs either by post or through
e-mail. Corrections on the proof should be restricted to printer’s errors only and
no substantial additions/deletions should be made. No change in the names of the
authors (by way of additions and deletions) is permissible at the proof stage. If
there are valid reasons for such a change, after acceptance of a paper, the permission
of the Editor must be sought. Fifty reprints are supplied gratis for published papers.
Proof reading marks may be obtained on request
from the Editorial Office.
Undertaking by Authors
We, the undersigned, give an undertaking to the following effect with
regard to our article entitled "
submitted for publication in the Indian Journal of Medical Research
1. The article mentioned above has not been published or submitted to
or accepted for publication in any form, in any other journal.
2. We also vouchsafe that the authorship of this article will not
be contested by anyone whose name(s) is/are not listed by us here.
3. I/We declare that I/We
contributed significantly towards
the research study i.e., (a) conception, design and/or analysis and interpretation
of data and to (b) drafting the article or revising it critically for important
intellectual content and on (c) final approval of the version to be published.
4. I/We hereby acknowledge IJMRs conflict of interest policy requirement
to scrupulously avoid direct and indirect conflicts of interest and, accordingly,
hereby agree to promptly inform the editor or editor's designee of any business,
commercial, or other proprietary support, relationships, or interests that I/We
may have which relate directly or indirectly to the subject of the work.
5. I/We also agree to the authorship of the article in the following
Authors' Names (in sequence)
(i). All the authors are required to sign independently in this form in the
sequence given above. In case an author has left the institution/country
and whose whereabouts are not known, the senior author may sign on his/her behalf
taking the responsibility.
(ii). No addition/deletion/ or any change in the sequence
of the authorship will be permissible at a later stage, without valid reasons and permission
of the Editor.
(iii). If the authorship is contested at any stage, the article will
be either returned or will not be processed for publication till the issue is solved.
Copyright Transfer Agreement Form
This document must be signed by all authors and submitted
with the manuscript.
The Indian Journal of Medical Research(IJMR) is published monthly by the Indian
Council of Medical Research, V. Ramalingaswami Bhawan, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029 (India).
The IJMR and Authors hereby agree as follows: In consideration of IJMR reviewing
and editing the following described work for first publication on an exclusive
Title of manuscript: ________________________________________________________
The undersigned author(s) hereby assigns, conveys, and otherwise transfers all rights,
title, interest, and copyright ownership of said work for publication. Work includes
the material submitted for publication and any other related material submitted
to IJMR. In the event that IJMR does not publish said work, the author(s) will be
so notified and all rights assigned hereunder will revert to the author(s).
The assignment of rights to IJMR includes but is not expressly limited to rights
to edit, publish, reproduce, distribute copies, include in indexes or search databases
in print, electronic, or other media, whether or not in use at the time of execution
of this agreement, and claim copyright in said work throughout the world for the
full duration of the copyright and any renewals or extensions thereof.
All accepted works become the property of IJMR and may not be published elsewhere
without prior written permission from IJMR. The author(s) hereby represents
and warrants that they are sole author(s) of the work, that all authors have participated
in and agree with the content and conclusions of the work, that the work is original,
and does not infringe upon any copyright, propriety, or personal right of any third
party, and that no part of it nor any work based on substantially similar data has
been submitted to another publication.
Authors' Names (in sequence)
Manuscript Submission Check List
Undertaking by Authors signed by all authors
Copyright Transfer Agreement Form signed by all authors
Three copies of
manuscript with three sets of illustrations (one original & two copies)
Abstract in structured
format along with key words (on a separate sheet)
Tables (on separate
Title of manuscript
Full name(s) and
affiliations of author(s); institution(s) and city(ies) from which work originated
telephone, fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author.